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QUAID-I-AZAM MOHAMMAD ALI JINNAH
- Early education.
- Stay in England.
- An important leader.
- Pakistan resolution.
- Creation of Pakistan.
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on the 25th of December, 1876. His father, Jinnah Poonjah, was a big merchant of Karachi. Mr. Poonjah wanted to give good education to his son and kept him away from the business.
Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah received his early education in Karachi and Bombay. He passed his Entrance Examination in 1891. In his school days, he was very painstaking in his studies. He observed the rules of discipline. He was also very punctual in attendance. All these pointed to his future greatness. For his good qualities, he was very much loved by his teachers and fellow students.
His father’s friend, Mr. Federick Croft, discovered signs of a great man in him. He advised his father to send him to England for higher studies. Accordingly, Mr. Jinnah left for England in 1892. There he was admitted into the Lincoln’s Inn and obtained the degree of Bar-at-Law.
Stay in England:
Mr. Jinnah stayed in England for four years. He here studied the ways of the English people. He was very much impressed to find that all of them, rich or poor, loved their motherland. There he came under the influence of a patriotic Pakistani, Dadabhoy Nooroji.
After having successfully finished his education, Mr. Jinnah returned to India in 1896. At that time his father’s business was not running well. So to earn money for the family, he started practice in Karachi. But he could not do well. He left Karachi and went to Bombay to try his luck there. Here, too, his practice was dull for three years. At last, he accepted the service as Third Presidency Magistrate of Bombay. But he was confident that he would do well as a lawyer. So he gave up the service on him. Within a short time, he was recognized as a distinguished lawyer. His fame spread far and wide.
An Important Leader:
In 1905, Mr. Jinnah came in close contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Mr. Gokhale was then the president of the Indian National Congress. Soon he became its most important leader. He was called the “Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity.” But he was disillusioned in 1930. For he then realized that the only object of the Congress was to establish Hindu rule in India. He, therefore, separated himself from Congress. He devoted himself to organizing the Muslims. His leadership kindled a new imagination among frustrated Muslims. He created political consciousness among the Muslims of India. It was due to his guidance and leadership the Muslims regained their confidence. Each and every Muslim responded to his clarion call. And they, with one voice, demanded a separate homeland for them.
In 1940, the famous Pakistan Resolution was adopted. The struggle for Pakistan is a story of a continuous struggle against a host of obstacles and it was his guidance and leadership which provided us a bulwark of strength at these difficult times.
Creation of Pakistan:
The creation of Pakistan was due to the untiring labor and zeal of Quaid-i-Azam. He won Pakistan by his irrefutable arguments. He is called the “Father of the Nation.” For like a father, he acquired a homeland for us.
Though in shattered health, he had to accept the first Governor-Generalship of Pakistan. He died in harness on the 11th of September, 1948.